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PROFILE OF SRI PV NARASIMHA RAO

EARLY LIFE AND EDUCATION

Sri Pamulaparthi Venkata Narasimha Rao was born on 28th June, 1921 to Sri Pamulaparthi Sitarama Rao and Smt. Pamulaparthi Rukmini in Laknepalli village of Narsampet Mandal in Warangal District of erstwhile Andhra Pradesh and present day Telangana. Sri PV completed his primary education in Katkuru village of Bheemdevarapalli Mandal in Karimnagar District and went on to pursue Degree in Osmania University Arts College and study law from the Bombay University and the Nagpur University.

POLITICAL LIFE

Sri PV Narasimha Rao was an active freedom fighter during the Indian Independence movement and joined full-time politics after independence. He served as an elected representative for Andhra Pradesh State Assembly from 1957 to 1977. During this period, Sri PV Narasimha Rao had held some important portfolios. He was the Minister of Law and Information, 1962-64; Law and Endowments, 1964-67; Health and Medicine, 1967 and Education, 1968-71. He became the Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh from 1971-73. Sri PV was the Member of Parliament to Lok Sabha from Hanamkonda constituency from 1977-84 and was served eighth Lok Sabha from Ramtek, Maharshtra from 1984-89 and 1989-91. He was Minister for External Affairs from January 14, 1980 to July 18, 1984; Minister of Home Affairs from July 19, 1984 to December 31, 1984 and the Minister of Defence from December 31, 1984 to September 25, 1985. He then assumed charge as Minister of Human Resource Development on September 25, 1985.

In 1991, Sri PV Narasimha Rao became country’s 9th Prime Minister and was an elected representative from Nandyal, Andhra Pradesh. 

ECONOMIC REFORMS

Sri Narasimha Rao has chosen Sri Manmohan Singh as his Finance Minister. At that time, India’s foreign exchange reserves were barely enough to last for 3 weeks of essential imports and the nation was only weeks away from defaulting on its external payment obligations. The duo had ushered in new wave of reforms famously called Liberalisation, Privatisation and Globalisation. These economic policies saved the country from slipping into international debt and subsequently helped India to gradually transform into a global economic superpower. The New Economic Policy of 1991 encouraged Foreign Direct Investments, deregulated local businesses, reformed capital markets and transformed the then existing trade regime of the country. Apart from the privatization efforts of the public sector, the aim was also to bring down the fiscal deficit of the country.

MAN OF LETTERS

Sri PV Narasimha Rao’s special interest lies in Indian philosophy and culture, writing fiction and political commentary, learning languages, writing poems in Telugu and Hindi and keeping abreast of literature in general. He has published ‘SahasraPhan’, a Hindi translation of late Shri Viswanatha Satyanarayana’s famous Telegu Novel ‘Veyi Padagalu’ published by Jnanpith; He translated other famous works from Marathi to Telugu and from Telugu to Hindi, and published many articles in different magazines mostly under a pen name. He lectured at Universities in the U.S.A. and West Germany on political matters and allied subjects.

Apart from Telugu, Sri PV Narasimha Rao spoke English, Marathi, Urdu, Sanskrit, Bengali, Hindi, Gujarati, Oriya, Tamil and Kannada. Further, Sri PV was also comfortable with Persian, Spanish, German, French and Arabic. Sri PV Narasimha Rao left his mortal body on 23rd December, 2004 in New Delhi and the cremation took place in Hyderabad where a memorial – PV Gyan Bhoomi – was built. After ten years, a memorial in New Delhi was built at Ekta Sthal. The plaque at his memorial reads: “A reformer, educationist, scholar, conversant in 15 languages and known for his intellectual contribution, he was called the ‘Brihaspati’ (wiseman) of the Andhra Pradesh Cabinet between 1962 and 1971. He was the first Chief Minister to implement land reforms in the country in 1972… Sri PV Narasimha Rao is fondly remembered as the architect of vibrant India”.